Editions on CD:


• Corpus of Spanish Emblem Books

• The Golden Age of European Emblematics

• Emblems of Wither & Rollenhagen

• Alciato, Emblemata. Critical Edition

• Emblems of the Society of Jesus

• Renaissance Books of Imprese

• Baroque Repertories of Imprese


• Hieroglyphics

• Animal Symbolism

• Mythographies


• Renaissance Numismatics

• Complete Works of Hubert Goltzius

proverbial wisdom

• Erasmus’ Adagia. Versions and Sources


• Covarrubias, Tesoro de la lengua española

complete works

• Baltasar Gracián

Treasures of Kalocsa

• Book of Psalms
MS 382, c. 1438


11. Numismatics and Medals. The Humanist and Antiquity

THE RENAISSANCE WITNESSED an unending fascination of medals and numismatics, a phenomenon closely related to the rise of collectionism and the love of antiquities. A specialized literature, with some basic common traits, was developed to impose order on a growing collection of materials: manuals of collectionism, works that utilized coins and medals to reconstruct certain aspects of history, and treatises that studied the symbolic content of the pieces.

The medal shared certain characteristics with other Renaissance and Baroque modes of representation, especially the impresa, or device: a portrait, on the one hand, and a motto, or a device combined with a symbolic figure or scene, on the other, were capable of manifesting an encoded desire to make oneself known. The motifs utilized came from different sources, even from the world of hieroglyphics. And these medals, in turn, inspired many emblems. Therefore, the treatises dedicated to medals and numismatics, of such great proliferation, contained complete catalogues and images readily available to any artist.

Coins and medals were at the core of the Renaissance and Baroque iconographic galaxy, a fact that makes this CD a unifying nucleus of relationships with the other CDs produced by Studiolum. The thousands of images and descriptions that it contains form a true virtual collection of medals: practically all that were known to the man of the period, from the early work of Enea Vico to the incredibly influential and spectacular book by the Spaniard Antonio Agustín, with its luxurious sheets of engravings, or the later treatise of Menestrier.

In preparation.


Titles included:

• Agustín, Antonio, Diálogos de las medallas (Madrid 1587; Venice 1592 Italiano; Lucca, 1774 of the Opera Omnia, Hispano-Latin, translated and with commentary by Andrea Schott S.J.)
• Camerarius, Joachim, Historiola rei nummariae (Tubinga 1539)
• Du Choul, Guillaume, Discours de la religion des anciens romains (Lyon 1556 French; Lyon 1579 Spanish translation by B. Pérez del Castillo)
• Erizzo, Sebastiano, Discorso sopra le medaglie antiche (Venice 1559, 1568 and 1571)
• Freher, Marquard, De numismate census ... in quaestionem vocato (Heidelberg 1599)
• Freher, Marquard, De re monetaria veterum Romenorum, et hodierni apud Germanos imperii (London 1605)
• Gorlaeus, Abraham, Thesaurus numismatum Romenorum (Amsterdam 1608)
• Strada, Jacobus, Imperatorum Romenorum imagines ... ex antiquis numismatibus ... (Zurich 1559)
• Landi, Costanzo, Miscellanea explicationes (Lyon 1560)
• Lastanosa, Vincencio Juan de, Museo de las medallas desconocidas españolas, Huesca 1645
• Le Pois, Antoine, Discours sur les medailles (1579)
• Menestrier, Claude François, Science des medailles (Lyon 1694)
• Occo, Adolf, Imperatorum romanorum numismata (1579)
• Orsini, Fulvio, Imagines virorum illustrium (Rome 1570)
• Orsini, Fulvio, Familiae Romenae (Rome 1577; second edition Paris, 1663, with commentary by Charles Patin)
• Roville, Guillaume, Primera [y segunda] parte del Promptuario de las medallas de todos los mas insignes varones (Lyon 1561, Spanish translation by Juan Martín Cordero)
• Vico, Enea, Le imagini (1548 Italian; 1554 Latin)
• Vico, Enea, Discorsi sopra le medaglie (1555)
• Waserus, Caspar, De antiquis nummis Hebraeorum (Zurich 1605)




last minute

• Register to receive our news!

• 5.4: RSA: A Recapitulation

• 4.4: DVD edition of Covarrubias, Tesoro de la lengua española

• 18.3: Treasures of Kalocsa, Vol. 1: Psalterium MS 382



Discreet Reader

Sancho Panza and the Turtle

An Encounter with the Inquisition

Phoenix on the top of the palm tree

Canis reversus

His Master’s Voice

Virgil’s best verse

To eat turtle or not to eat it

blog of studiolum

•  Chinatown

•  Un viaje a la mente barroca

•  Unde Covarrubias Hungaricè didicit?


open library

• Bibliography of Hispanic Emblematics

• Horapollo, Hieroglyphica 1547

• Alciato, Emblemata 1531

• The Album Amicorum of Franciscus Pápai Páriz

• Ludovicus Carbo, De Mathiae regis rebus gestis (c. 1473-75)

• Epistolary of Pedro de Santacilia y Pax

medio maravedí

Texts and Studies of Medieval and Golden Age Spanish Literature